Cookies - Școala Informală de IT

Cookies

The information presented below is intended to inform the user about the placement, use and administration of the “cookies” used by the bucuresti.scoalainformala.ro website.


Please read the following information carefully:

This website uses  cookies to provide visitors a much better browsing experience and services tailored to the needs and interests of each individual. These cookies can belong to the following third parties:  Adwords, Facebook Google Analytics, Google.com.

“Cookies” are designed to facilitate access and services delivery to internet users, as well as  for customizing certain settings (language, country, prices displayed in local currency).

Based on the user information they collect, “cookies” help owners to streamline their websites so they can be more easily accessed by users. They also increase the effectiveness of online advertising. Last, but not least, they can allow multimedia or other types of applications from other websites to be included on a specific website to make browsing easier.


What is a “cookie”?

A cookie ( “browser cookie” or “HTTP cookie”) is a small file consisting of letters and numbers which is  stored on any equipment with Internet access(computer, mobile phone, tablet etc.). The cookie is installed by a request issued by the server to a web browser (eg Internet Explorer, Chrome). A cookie does not contain software viruses or spyware and cannot access the information on the user’s hard drive. Cookies themselves do not require personal information and do not personally identify internet users.

A cookie consists of the name and the content. Moreover, the lifetime of a cookie is limited; only the web server that sent the cookie can access it again when a user returns on the website associated to the respective webserver.


There are two types of cookies:

Session cookies – these are temporarily stored in your Web browser history until the user exits the website in question or closes the browser window.

Persistent cookies – these are stored on the hard drive of a computer or device, depending on the default cookie lifetime. Persistent cookies include those placed by another website than the one the user visits at the time – known as “third party cookies”  – which can be used anonymously to store the user’s interests, in order to deliver a more relevant advertising experience.


What are the cookies advantages ?

A cookie contains information that connects a user and a specific website. If a web browser accesses the server again, it can read the information already stored and react accordingly. Cookies provide users an enjoyable browsing experience and support various websites efforts to provide comfortable services to users – e.g.: online privacy preferences, language options on the website, shopping cart or relevant advertising.


What is the lifetime of a cookie?

The lifetime of a cookie can vary significantly, depending on the purpose for which it is placed. Some cookies are used only for one session and are not retained once the user has left the website, and some cookies are retained and reused each time the user returns to that website (permanent cookies). Nevertheless, cookies can be deleted by a user at any time.


What are cookies placed by third parties?

Certain sections of content from some sites may be placed on the accessed website  by third parties through banners, boxes or links- and all these tools can contain cookies. They are called “third party cookies” because they are not placed by the owner of the website in question. Suppliers must also comply with the applicable laws and the privacy policies of the website owner.


How are cookies used by this website

A visit on this website may place cookies for the following purposes:

Site performance cookies;

Visitor analysis cookies;

Geotargetting cookies;

Registration cookies;

Advertising cookies;

Advertising providers cookies.These cookies may come from third parties.


Performance cookies

This type of cookie retains the user’s preferences on this site, so there is no need for setting them  up at each site visit. For example, volume settings for  the video player, the  video streaming speed  compatible with the browser.


Visitor analysis cookies

Each time a user visits this website, the analytics software provided by a third party generates a cookie for user analysis. This cookie tells us whether you have visited this website before. The browser will tell us if you have this cookie, and if not, we will generate it. This cookie allows monitoring of unique users who visit us and how often they do it. As long as you are not registered on this website, this cookie may not be used to identify individuals, they are used only for statistical purposes. If you are registered, we may also know the details you have provided us with, such as your e-mail and username – which are subject to confidentiality and the provisions of the Terms and Conditions and the legislation in use on protection of personal data.


Geotargetting cookies

These cookies are used by software which tries to determine what country you are. This cookie is completely anonymous, and is only used to help target content, even when you are on our Romanian or other language webpage, you receive the same commercial.


Registration cookies

When you register on this website, we generate cookies that signal whether you are signed in or not. Our servers use these cookies to work out which account you are signed in with, and if you are allowed access to a particular service. It also allows us to associate any comments you post with your username. If you have not selected “keep me signed in”, your cookies get deleted when you either close your browser or shut down your computer.


Advertising cookies

These cookies allow us to detect whether or not you have viewed an online ad, its type and the length of time that has passed since you saw the advertisement. These cookies are also used to target online advertising. We also use third-parties cookies for improved advertising targeting, to show advertisements about vacations for example, if a user has recently viewed an article on a holiday site. These cookies are anonymous; they store information about the viewed content, not about the users. We also set cookies through other anonymous sites we use for advertising. By receiving them, we can use them to recognize you as a visitor to that site later if you visit our site, we will be able to deliver advertising based on this information.


Other third parties cookies

On some pages, third parties can set up anonymous cookies in order to assess the success of an application or to customize an application. Due to the way of usage, tis site cannot access these cookies; similarly, third parties cannot access the cookies owned by this site. For instance, when you distribute an article using the social media button on this site, that social network will record your activity.


What type of information is stored and accessed via cookies?

Cookies keep information in a small text file that allows a website to recognize a browser. The webserver will recognize the browser until the cookie expires or is deleted. The cookie stores important information that improves internet browsing experience (e.g. language settings you wish to use accessing a website, keeping a user logged into webmail accounts, online banking security, keeping products in your shopping cart).


Why are cookies important for the internet?

Cookies are the central point of an efficient activity on the Internet, helping to generate a friendly browsing experience and adapted to each user’s preferences and interests. Refusal or deactivation of cookies may make some websites impossible to use. Refusal or deactivation of cookies does not mean you will no longer receive online advertising – but it will not be able to take into account your preferences and interests, evidenced by browsing behavior. Examples of important use of cookies (that does not require user authentication through an account):

Content and services adapted to user preferences – news categories, weather, sports, maps, public and government services, entertainment sites and travel services.

Deals adapted to the interests of users – retaining passwords, language preferences (ie displaying search results in Romanian).

Retaining child protection filters on internet content (family mode options, safe search functions).

Limiting commercials broadcast frequency – limiting the number of displays of an advertisement for a particular user on a website.

Providing more relevant advertising for the user.

Measurement, optimization and analytics features – such as confirming a certain level of traffic on a website, what type of content is viewed and how a user reaches the website (e.g. by search engines, directly, from other websites etc.). Websites run these analytics to improve the content of their use for the benefit of users.


Security and confidentiality issues

Cookies are NOT viruses! They use plain text format type. They are not made  of code sequences, so they cannot be executed nor can auto-run. Consequently, they cannot duplicate or replicate on other networks to run or replicate again. Because they cannot perform these functions, cookies cannot be considered viruses. Cookies can be used for negative purposes though. Because they store preferences and information about user’s browsing history, both on a particular site and on several other sites, cookies can be used as a form of Spyware. Many anti-spyware products are aware of this fact and constantly mark the cookies to be deleted in removal proceedings or anti-virus/anti-spyware scans. Usually browsers have integrated privacy settings that provide different levels of acceptance of cookies and their lifetime, and erase cookies automatically after the user has visited a particular site.

Other security issues related to cookies: Because identity protection is very valuable and is the right of every internet user, you should know what problems cookies can create. Because through them information is constantly transmitted in both directions between the browser and the website, if an attacker or unauthorized person intervenes during data transmission, the information contained in the cookie can be intercepted. Although it seldom occurs, this can happen if the browser connects to the server using an unencrypted network (e.g. unsecured WiFi network). Other cookie-based attacks involve wrong setting of cookies on servers. If a website does not require the browser to use only encrypted channels, attackers can use this vulnerability to trick browsers to send information through insecure channels. The attackers then use the information for unauthorized access on certain websites. It is very important to be careful in choosing the most appropriate method of protecting personal information.


Tips for a safe and responsible navigation based on cookies:

Due to their flexibility and the fact that the majority of the most visited and largest websites use cookies, they can hardly be avoided .Disabling cookies will not allow user access on the most widely used websites such as Youtube, Gmail, Yahoo and others. Here are some tips that can ensure carefree navigation, with enabled cookies:

Customize your browser settings regarding cookies to reflect a comfortable level of security for your cookie usage;

If you do not mind cookies and you are the only person who uses the computer, you can set long timeouts for storage of data browsing history and personal access.

If you share access to your computer, you can consider your browser setting to delete individual navigation data every time you close the browser. This is an option to access websites that places cookies and delete any information from visitor browsing when the session closes.

Install and update anti-spyware applications constantly. Many applications of detection and prevention of spyware include detecting attacks on websites. This prevents the browser from accessing websites that could exploit browser vulnerabilities or to download malicious software. Make sure that you always update your browser. Many cookie based attacks are made exploiting the weaknesses of the old versions of browsers.

Cookies are everywhere and cannot be avoided if you want to enjoy access to the best and largest sites on the Internet – local or international. With a clear understanding of how they operate and the benefits they bring you, can take the necessary security measures so that you can confidently browse the web.


How do I turn off cookies?

Disabling and deactivation of cookies may result in making specific visited websites impracticable or difficult to use. Also, refusing to accept cookies does not mean you will not receive / view online advertising. It is possible to set your browser so that cookies will not be accepted or you can set your browser to accept cookies only from a particular site. All modern browsers allow you to change cookie settings. These settings are found usually in the “options” menu or “preferences” of your browser. To understand these settings, the following links may be useful, or you can use the “help” of your browser for more details.

Cookie settings in Internet Explorer;

Cookie settings in Firefox;

Cookie settings in Chrome;

Cookie settings in Safari.


Useful links

If you want to learn more about cookies and how they are used, we recommend the following links:

Microsoft Cookies guide All About Cookies

IAB Romania provides the following website for more information regarding on line advertising confidentiality:

www.youronlinechoices.com/ro/